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Permanency Planning

  Research & Reports    
  Training & Curricula    
  • Permanency Discussion
    A presentation by NRCPFC at the Training and Technical Assistance (T&TA) Network Meeting in Washington, DC. This PowerPoint defines permanency, reviews permanency and well-being outcomes, and discusses strategies related to permanency and placement stability. Information is also provided about organizations in the T&TA Network and resources that they offer. (December 2008)
  • Exploring Permanency for Youth
    Produced by Gerald P. Mallon, Executive Director of NRCPFC, this presentation discusses the challenges in permanency for youth and gives recommendations for overcoming these barriers. (May 2002)
  • Permanency Planning Framework
    This NRCPFC PowerPoint presentation identifies the components and principles of a permanency planning framework in addition to discussing the various considerations and factors involved in the process. (February 2002)


  Teleconferences, Webinars, Webcasts & Videos    
  • Achieving Permanence for Children: Pioneering Possibilities for Placement Stability 
    In this NRCPFC webcast, Lorrie L. Lutz, a consultant with NRCPFC, discussed CFSR results and findings from a survey of the states designed to learn about barriers to placement stability and promising practices to promote permanency. Shaun Donahue, Director of Field Services in Vermont, described step-by-step how this state achieved significant improvement in foster care placement stability through careful analysis, connecting staff to problem-solving activities, and system change. (November 2005)

*Many of these resources were developed previously by the National Resource Center for
Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC).

  Informational & Practice Publications, Resources, & Tools    
  • Court Hearings for the Permanent Placement of Children 
    The Child Welfare Information Gateway summarizes State laws on the court hearings that must be held to review the status of children placed in out-of-home care. The publication also discusses who may be present at the hearing, what determinations are made at the hearing, and various permanency options. (January 2012)
  • Best Practice Bulletins 
    From the Corinne Wolfe Children’s Law Center at the University of New Mexico, this series aims to promote the safety, permanency, and well-being of children in the State of New Mexico’s care.  Bulletins include Advance Calendaring (2011), Special Calendaring (2011), and Pacing Permanency(2007), as well as other child-focused and family centered topics.
  • Mama S & Papa M: Making APPLAs Work for Youth 
    Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement (APPLA) can and should be used if the three preferred permanency alternatives (adoption, guardianship, and placement with a relative) are not an option. All youth need a caring, committed adult involved in their lives. Fostering Families Today published this article by Executive Director, Sarah Gerstenzang, describing her personal experience with APPLA and offering suggestions for making APPLAs successful. (May/June 2010)
  • State Statutes Related to Permanency Planning 
    Search for State statutes for issues related to permanency planning through this resource from the Child Welfare Information Gateway. Results will provide summaries of State statutes (and full text of laws, in some cases).


  State Examples    
  • California: 
    Permanency: A Statewide Approach to Sustainability 
    As part of the 2009 Child Welfare Services Information Kit from The California Child Welfare Co-Investment Partnership, a collaborative group of state agencies, foundations and other nonprofit organizations, this approach uses a consistent permanency framework to bring public, private and cross-system partners together.  The approach also seeks to ensure statewide resources and capacities are developed to support cross-system implementation at the local level. (2009)
  • Ohio:
    Final Report on the Summit Permanency Collaborative (SPC)
    This final report highlights the Summit Permanency Collaborative (SPC), a permanency program created to address the needs of children at risk for aging out of foster care in Summit County, Ohio.  SPC was a four-year public/private partnership between the Waiting Child Fund, Summit County Children Services, Caring For Kids, Inc., Christian Children’s Home of Ohio, and Summit County CASA/GAL.  The program was successful in achieving the goals of finding permanency for long-staying youth, reducing the number of children who enter Permanent Custody, and establishing a “culture of permanency” within Summit County.  This report includes information on SPC’s history and program development; discusses SPC’s goals and objectives; details outcomes and cost savings analysis; and shares success stories, recommendations, and lessons learned.  (April 2014)
  • Virginia:  Permanency Roundtable (PRT) Summaries
    The NRCPFC developed these summaries as part of the Technical Assistance (TA) provided to the Virginia Department of Social Services (VDSS).  These documents were produced out of interviews with Permanency Program Consultants and outline the goals, structure, and processes of Permanency Roundtables in the Central and Piedmont regions of Virginia. (April 2013)

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Last updated 8/18/14